Bulgarian Adoption Steps – Traditional

Father hugging his adopted daughter after he qualified to adopt.

First step in Bulgarian Adoption.Step 1

Select a country that suits and accepts you.  Find an accredited agency that has experience working with the country you like.

More | Who Can Adopt?

More | What Child Can I Adopt?

Second Step in the Bulgarian adoption.

Step 2

Let accredited agency help you meet eligibility criteria by completing a Home Study and a “Dossier”.

More | How Do I Meet Requirements?

More | If I Meet Req’s, Will I Succeed?

Preparing a Home Study.

Step 3

A completed Home Study will result in a CIS Approval.  Dossier will be finalized with certifcates called “Apostilles”

More | How Do I Meet Requirements?

More |If I Meet Req’s, Will I Succeed?

Step 4: Turning in documents to government.

Step 4

Turn in complete dossier, including Home Study and CIS approval to Bulgarian MOJ.

More | How Am I Matched With a Child?

More | What Child Can I Adopt?

Step 5 in process:  Wait for a child.

Step 5

Wait on MOJ to propose a child that would match your family.

More | What Child Can I Adopt?

More | If I Meet the Req’s, Will I Succeed?

6th step in process:  Accept your child.

Step 6

Choose to accept your child, and schedule first trip to go meet them! (See one family who recently accepted their 2YO son!)

More | What Child Can I Adopt?

More | How Am I Matched With a Child?

More | Special Needs and International Adoption?

Seventh Step in the adoption proceedings.Step 7

Trip one.  Meet your child.  While there, give consent to the adoption. (See a family’s blog with their first meet).

More | How Long Does the Process Take?

More | Adoption Timeline Breakdown?

Seventh Step in the adoption proceedings.

Step 8

Few months later, go to pick up your child. (See a family’s blog who recently picked up their children).

More | How Long Does the Process Take?

More | Adoption Timeline Breakdown?

Father hugging his adopted daughter after he qualified to adopt.

Who Can Adopt?

Bulgaria has some of the most easy going requirements of all countries.

  • Older parents accepted. (50+)
  • Short trips: About 7 Days.
  • Parent must be at least 15 years older than child.
  • No Marriage Length Requirement.
  • History of divorce is okay.
  • Income has to only meet CIS requirements.

To mee the requirement, you have to prepape some paperwork.  That paperwork is called a Home Study and a Dossier. 

Related Links

 

What is a Home Study?

What is a Dossier?

Can I do My Home Study First?

    Can I Do My Home Study First?

    You could, but the home study is a complicated document that is better prepared if you’ve picked your adoption agency first – because legally they’re the “primary provider of adopton services” and it is their job to supervise the home study agency, even if the home study agency is itself accredited. 

    Can I Do My Home Study First?

    You could, but the home study is a complicated document that is better prepared if you’ve picked your adoption agency first – because legally they’re the “primary provider of adopton services” and it is their job to supervise the home study agency, even if the home study agency is itself accredited. 

    Little girl adopted after her parents met the requirements.

    How Do I Meet the Requirements?

    To show you’re eligible, you have to complete a Home Study and a Dossier.  Adoption is highly regulated for the protection of the kids.  In order to adopt, you have to hire an Accredited Agency approved by the US government to help you meet eligibility criteria.  This agency will help you do a Home Study and a Dossier.  These documents will be approved by the US Government at USCIS through the submission of your I-800A Form.  Your agency will then present these docs to the Bulgarian Ministry of Justice.  

    Related Topics

     

    What is an Accredited Agency?

    Why Do I Need an Accredited Agency?

    Can I do My Home Study First?

    How to Fill Out I800A Form?

      Adoptive family comes together after having met all requirements.

      If I Meet the Requirments, Will I Succeed?

      In our 19 years experience, we’ve never had someone be turned down after submitting a dossier.  Once you’ve been approved, you will be given a chance to adopt a child.  Of course, there is a wait, but 100% of our clients who did the paperwork and waited for their referral were given the opportunity to adopt a child.  With domestic adoption for example, your dossier is handed to the adoptive mom.  There is no way of knowing what her criteria might be.  The adoption commission, on the other hand, looks for the “best interest of the child” which is possible with any candidate who has been approved.   

      Related Topics

       

      What is An Adoption Commission?

      What is an “orphan”

      Who determines the “child’s best interest”?

      Is It Possible I Would Be Turned Down by the Commission?

        Family is matched together through adoption.

        How Am I Matched With a Child?

        Once your agency helps you meet the USCIS requirements, they are authorized to submit your dossier to the foreign country.  In Bulgaria, the Ministry of Justice is the governing body that oversees adoption.  As part of the Hague Convention, they are responsible to ensure that the child you will adopt meets the criteria for an “orphan”.  They will attempt to match your family with an orphan based on the description of the child’s characteristics in your home study.  The attempted match is considred to be in the “child’s best interest” by the MOJ. 

        Related Links

         

        What is An Adoption Commission?

        What is an “orphan”

        Who determines the “child’s best interest”?

          Mom hugging her newly adopted son.

          What Child Can I Adopt?

          Though children living in ophanages will likely have issues you’d have to help them overcome, not all of them necesserily have “special needs”.  The laws governing international adoption say that the child’s country of origin is considered first.  That is true of all international adoption.  Therefore, many kids who are considred healthy are adopted domestically.  However, international adoption is made avaliable because there are more orphans than people wishing to adopt them domestically.  Therefore, not all children available for international adoption are necesserily “special needs”.

          Related Topics

          When Does a Child Become Available for International Adoption?

          Definition of “Orphan”

            Adopting a child with special needs.

            Special Needs and International Adoption.

            Most children growing up in orphanages will not be in perfect health. 

            • Health and special needs may vary.
            • Bulgaria will actually listen to what needs/risk factors you are willing to accept.
            • You can eliminate medical diagnosis you can’t take on.
            • Children with less needs are available, but may require a longer wait.
            • Younger children (1-4) are available, but may require a longer wait.
            • Children, 7 and up, who are medically healthy typically take less than 1 year wait, sometimes less than 6 mo wait.
            • Our latest family waited only 3 months for siblings age 9 and 10 who are healthy.  See their story here.
            • See waiting children here.  Read more about children who are available here.  

            Related Links

             

            What is An Adoption Commission?

            What is an “orphan”

              Kids pointing to an airplane after leaving the orphanage.

              How Long Will It Take To Adopt a Child From Bulgaria?

              Most adoptions from Bulgaria take between 1.5 and 3 years from start to finish. Much of this depends on you.  At first, there is paperwork that needs to be done.  If you can move through it quickly, you can reduce your overall time.  Next, there is the child that you’d like to adopt.  The more open you are, the more children could be matched to you, the less you would wait.  Being open to either sex and siblings helps the timeline.  See our “Breakdown of Timeline” for more detail. 

              Related Articles:  Adoption Finished in 18 Months

              Related Articles:  Adoption Finished in 20 Months

              Related Links

               

              How Can I Speed Up My Process?

              See “Breakdown of Timeline”

              YouTube Interview With About Timeline

              Another YouTube Interview

                Mother Holding Daughter after completing adoption.

                Bulgarian Adoption Timeline Breakdown

                 

                Paperwork Preparation:  Takes between 3 and 12 months. Depends on how quickly you’d like to work.

                Months

                Waiting for a Match:  Healthy children ages 7 and up typically takes a 6 month wait. Younger toddlers with less needs take about 8 months to 2.5 years. The younger and healthier the child, the longer the wait.  

                Months

                Trip 1:  When you accept your child, go meet them.  Trip 1 is about 7 days.  See a blog of family who just visited their child. 

                Days

                Case Moves Through Bulgarian Court:  Once you’ve met your child and accepted them in person, a specific approval is finalized by the Court in Bulgaria.

                Months

                Trip 2:  7 – 9 days.  At this trip, you’re officially the legal parents of the child. You have to meet the US Embassy Visa which will ensure that your child automatically becomes a US citizen upon arrival in the US.  See a blog with a family with pics from their second trip.

                DAYS

                Related Links

                 

                How Can I Speed Up My Paperwork?

                How Can I Speed Up My Waiting Time?

                What To Expect on Trip 1?

                What To Expect on Trip 2?

                YouTube Interview About Timeline

                Another YouTube Interview

                  Family talks about how they afforded adoption cost.

                  Bulgarian Adoption Cost

                  The overall cost for a Bulgarian adoption is around $40,000.  The fees directly traceable to the process are $30,500.  The additional expense is due to third parties, such as the home study agency, USCIS, airfare, and lodging overseas.  The fees are not due at once, or upfront.  They only become due as you advance through the process.   See the breakdown of fees here.  Learn about 37 months Financing.  Upon finalization, you qualify for the adoption tax credit which is like a refund on your taxes – $14,080 – per child adopted. 

                  Related Topics

                  YouTube Interview – Orphanage Conditions

                  YouTube Interview – Orphanage Conditions

                  Put up video of Polish couple 

                    Adoptive family raises money to pay for adoption.

                    How Can I Afford The Cost of Adoption?

                     

                    Our agency’s fee structure is like no other – in that it is structured on your personal timetable.

                     

                    Related Links

                     

                    YouTube Interview – Orphanage Conditions

                    YouTube Interview – Orphanage Conditions 

                      Adoptive family holds their daughter.

                      How is “Waiting Child” Different Than “Traditional”?

                      Ultimately, you have to meet the exact same requirements for both routes. However, the Bulgarian MOJ expedites the adoption for children whom they consider to need homes more quickly. The reason may be that the child has more severe special needs, or is older.  To encourage the placement of these children, the MOJ lets its Bulgarian accredited agencies advocate for them by sharing photos online without any identifying info.  If you see a child you’d like to adopt, you can trigger the initiation of the process by completing an application through the MOJ.  After that, the process is the same in regards to meeting eligibility criteria and visiting the child.

                      Related Topics

                      YouTube Interview – Orphanage Conditions

                      YouTube Interview – Orphanage Conditions

                      Put up video of Polish couple 

                        Mom completes the adoption of her son.

                        How Long Will It Take To Adopt a “Waiting Child”?

                        Waiting children adoptions are expedited.  The whole process could take about a year. Once the MOJ approves your application, they give you 6 months to meet eligibility criteria.  Once you’ve submitted your dossier, they will schedule your first trip in about 30 days.  Second and final trip is about 3 to 5 months later once the adoption has been approved through the court.  The whole process typically takes between 9 and 18 months. 

                        Related Links

                         

                        How Can I Speed Up My Process?

                        See “Breakdown of Timeline”

                        YouTube Interview With About Timeline

                        Another YouTube Interview

                          family adopts siblings.

                          Can I Do Both Routes at the Same Time?

                          Yes.  Because the requirements are the same, you can begin work on meting the eligibility criteria without having seen your child.  During this time, if you see a “waiting child” you’d like to adopt, your application to the MOJ would likely stand out because you would be closer to being “paperwork ready”. Remember, their goal is to place the child more quickly, so if you have more done, it increases the chances of your application being picked.  We estimate that only about 20% of children are “waiting children” while the remaining 80% are made available through “traditional adoption”.

                          Related Topics

                          YouTube Interview – Orphanage Conditions

                          YouTube Interview – Orphanage Conditions

                          Put up video of Polish couple 

                            Adoptive family visits their son in the orphanage for the first time.

                            Timeline Breakdown – “Waiting Child”

                             

                            Paperwork Preparation:  Takes between 3 and 6 months. MOJ gives you 6 months to complete dossier. (But you could still do it faster).

                            Months

                            Waiting for a Match:  None. 

                            Months

                            Trip 1:  Go meet your child.  Trip 1 is about 7 days.  See a blog of family who just visited their child. 

                            Days

                            Case Moves Through Bulgarian Court:  Once you’ve met your child and accepted them in person, a specific approval is finalized by the Court in Bulgaria.

                            Months

                            Trip 2:  7 – 9 days.  At this trip, you’re officially the legal parents of the child. You have to meet the US Embassy Visa which will ensure that your child automatically becomes a US citizen upon arrival in the US.  See a blog with a family with pics from their second trip.

                            DAYS

                            Related Links

                             

                            How Can I Speed Up My Paperwork?

                            How Can I Speed Up My Waiting Time?

                            What To Expect on Trip 1?

                            What To Expect on Trip 2?

                            YouTube Interview About Timeline

                            Another YouTube Interview

                              “Waiting Child” Adoption Steps

                              First step of the waiting child adoption process.Step 1

                              View list of Bulgarian waiting children.  Consult with a doctor about child’s special needs, if any.

                              More | Who Can Adopt?

                              More | How is “Waiting Child Route” Different?

                              Second step in the waiting child adoption.

                              Step 2

                              Apply to adopt the waiting child submitting an application directly with the Bulgarian MOJ with the help of your accredited agency.

                              More | Can I Do Both Routes Together?

                              Third step in the waiting child adoption.Step 3

                              Upon approval of your application by MOJ, let your agency help you meet eligibility criteria through completion of the Home Study, CIS Approval, and Dossier

                              More | How Do I Meet Requirements?

                              More | If I Meet Req’s, Will I Succeed?

                              Fourth step in the waiting child process.Step 4

                              Use an accredited agency to present completed dossier, including Home Study and CIS approval to MOJ.

                              More | How is “Waiting Child Route” Different?

                              Fifth step in waiting child process.Step 5

                              First trip.  Meet your child.  While there, give consent to the adoption. (See a family’s blog fromt their “first meet”).

                              More | How Long Will it Take?

                              More | Timeline Breakdown – “Waiting Child”

                              Sixth step in the waiting child adoption process.Step 6

                              Few months later, on your second trip, go to pick your child up. (See a family’s blog who recently did just that!)

                              More | How Long Will it Take?

                              More | Timeline Breakdown – “Waiting Child”

                              Bulgarian Adoption Steps – Traditional

                              First step in Bulgarian Adoption.

                              Step 1

                              Select a country that suits and accepts you.  Find an accredited agency that has experience working with the country you like.

                              More | Who Can Adopt?

                              More | What Child Can I Adopt?

                              Second Step in the Bulgarian adoption.

                              Step 2

                              Let accredited agency help you meet eligibility criteria by completing a Home Study and a “Dossier”.

                              More | How Do I Meet Requirements?

                              More | If I Meet Req’s, Will I Succeed?

                              3rd Step in Process: Preparing a Home Study.

                              Step 3

                              A completed Home Study will result in a CIS Approval.  Dossier will be finalized with certifcates called “Apostilles” 

                              More | How Do I Meet Requirements?

                              More | If I Meet Req’s, Will I Succeed?

                              Step 4: Turning in documents to government.

                              Step 4

                              Turn in complete dossier, including Home Study and CIS approval to Bulgarian MOJ.

                              More | How Am I Matched With a Child?

                              More | What Child Can I Adopt?

                              Step 5 in process: Wait for a child.

                              Step 5

                              Wait on MOJ to propose a child that would match your family.

                              More | What Child Can I Adopt?

                              More | If I Meet the Req’s, Will I Succeed?

                              6th step in process: Accept your child.

                              Step 6

                              Choose to accept your child, and schedule first trip to go meet them! (See one family who recently accepted their 2YO son!)

                              More | What Child Can I Adopt?

                              More | How Am I Matched With a Child?

                              More | Special Needs and International Adoption?

                              Seventh Step in the adoption proceedings.

                              Step 7

                              Trip one.  Meet your child.  While there, give consent to the adoption. (See a family’s blog with their first meet).

                              More | How Long Does the Process Take?

                              More | Adoption Timeline Breakdown?

                              8th Step in Adoption Process: Pick Up Child.

                              Step 8

                              Few months later, go to pick up your child. (See a family’s blog who recently picked up their children).

                              More | How Long Does the Process Take?

                              More | Adoption Timeline Breakdown?

                              “Waiting Child Adoption” Steps

                              First step of the waiting child adoption process.

                              Step 1

                              View list of Bulgarian waiting children.  Consult with a doctor about child’s special needs, if any.

                              More | Who Can Adopt?

                              More | How is “Waiting Child Route” Different?

                              Second step in the waiting child adoption.

                              Step 2

                              Apply to adopt the waiting child submitting an application directly with the Bulgarian MOJ with the help of your accredited agency.

                              More | Can I Do Both Routes Together?

                              Third step in the waiting child adoption.

                              Step 3

                              Upon approval of your application by MOJ, let your agency help you meet eligibility criteria through completion of the Home Study, CIS Approval, and Dossier

                              More | How Do I Meet Requirements?

                              More | If I Meet Req’s, Will I Succeed?

                              Fourth step in the waiting child process.

                              Step 4

                              Use an accredited agency to present completed dossier, including Home Study and CIS approval to MOJ.

                              More | How is “Waiting Child Route” Different?

                              Fifth step in waiting child process.

                              Step 5

                              First trip.  Meet your child.  While there, give consent to the adoption. (See a family’s blog fromt their “first meet”).

                              More | How Long Will it Take?

                              More | Timeline Breakdown – “Waiting Child”

                              Sixth step in the waiting child adoption process.

                              Step 6

                              Few months later, on your second trip, go to pick your child up. (See a family’s blog who recently did just that!)

                              More | How Long Will it Take?

                              More | Timeline Breakdown – “Waiting Child”